1959 C1 Chevrolet Corvette Model Guide

Specifications, VIN, Options, Performance, Recalls, & More

1959 Corvette Overview

Even Bill Mitchell, General Motors Design Chief, commented that the GM Styling practices of that era were too quick to “ladle on chrome with a trowel.” As the 1959 Corvette was nearing production, it was decided that, once again, the design teams would re-visit Corvette and clean up the overall appearance of the car.

Ironically, the 1958 ‘Vette, along with other Chevrolet models, had been the subject of more than a little criticism and ridicule for it’s excessive use of chrome plating and trim. As the previous model year began drawing to a close, Chevrolet basked ever so briefly in the fact that they had finally achieved sales and marketing success with the 1958 Corvette.

Model: 1959 Corvette
Generation: C1 Corvette
Type: 2 Door Convertible
Available Colors: Tuxedo Black, Frost Blue, Roman Red, Inca Silver, Classic Cream, Crown Sapphire, Snowcrest White
Engine: 283 ci. V-8 (fuel injected or carbureted) – multiple-horsepower options available
VIN: J59S100001 – J59S109670
Transmission: 3-speed manual (standard), 4-speed manual (optional), 2-speed Powerglide (optional)
Original Price: $3875.00
Units Produced: 9,670
Full Spec List 1959 Corvette Complete Specs

To the credit of all involved, the 1959 Corvette was “cleaned up” considerably.  For one, the chrome “suspenders” were removed from the design, providing Corvette with a more swept-back look that was synonymous with speed.

For another, it was decided that the faux hood louvers would be eliminated, returning the Corvette to a semblance of its former self.

While these features were key identifiers of the 1958 Corvette, there was no question that the elimination of the excessive chrome would reduce weight and help increase performance.

Much like the exterior of the Corvette, the interior received minor, but significant updates as well.  Both the door handles and the armrests were repositioned and a small-item storage compartment was added beneath the passenger side grab bar.

In addition, both the driver and passenger seats were redesigned to offer increased lateral support of their occupants.  All tachometers now indicated up to 7,000 rpm and offered redline and safe limit indicators.   Sun visors were introduced to the 1959 Corvette as a new option and concave instrument lenses replaced the flat covers of the 1958 Corvette, thereby reducing sun glare (and other reflections) that might cause a driver to become distracted.

Interior of 1959 Corvette
Interior of 1959 Corvette. Note the T-handle on the manual transmission shifter and the storage compartment beneath the passenger grab bar.

Lastly, a T-handle manual transmission lockout was included to prevent drivers from accidentally putting their Corvettes in reverse.

As with the 1958 Corvette before it, the powertrain of the ‘59 Corvette was unchanged from previous years – with one exception: the addition of trailing radius rods.

These trailing rods were introduced to help counteract rear-axle windup, while also contributing to a softer overall ride and noticeably less rear-end shifting while driving on uneven or irregular surfaces.

In addition to the trailing radius rods, Chevrolet began offering even stiffer springs as part of the heavy-duty brakes/suspension option (RPO 684) that had been originally introduced as an option on the 1957 Corvette.

The addition of both of these new components helped produce consistently better handling and better handling also meant better overall performance, and the 1959 Corvette proved it at the test track.   With quarter-mile times of less than 15 seconds and a 0-60 mph time of fewer than 8 seconds, the 1959 Corvette was considered to be remarkably fast – and notably fast even by today’s standards.  The top-end “fuelies” (fuel injected) Corvettes were rated at 290 horsepower with a top speed of 128 miles per hour when mated with the 4.11:1 final drive.

DID YOU KNOW: The 1959 Corvette was the only production year where Chevrolet included an option of purchasing a turquoise soft top. Also, the 1959 Corvette marked the first year where consumers could purchase an all black interior. Lastly, 1959 marked the last year in which Chevy Corvette sold less than 10,000 units in a given model year.

The 1959 Corvette.
The 1959 Corvette.

Lastly, the braking system of the 1959 Corvette received some upgrades.

Several factory options including sintered-metallic linings (RPO 686) were introduced under the development of General Motors Delco-Moraine Division.

These new linings were comprised of three pairs of lining segments that were riveted to the primary brake shoe and five pairs of slightly thicker segments for the secondary shoes.

These sintered linings provided for smoother braking while requiring less time to heat up before providing maximum, effective braking.

1959 Corvette
1959 Corvette Sales Brochure. (Image courtesy of GM Media.)
Chevrolet sales of the 1959 Chevy Corvette totaled 9,670 units, a number that was just shy of the landmark 10,000 units that General Motors was now anxiously hoping to hit with its two-seater sports car.
Although Chevy was not yet making a significant profit from sales of the Corvette, it was no longer costing Chevrolet money either. The modest numbers continued to point in the right direction, and both Corvette designers and engineers believed that they were on the brink of surpassing the 10,000 units/year number.
Still, it was now clear that American car enthusiasts were finally embracing the Corvette as a serious sports car which meant that Chevrolet would continue moving forward with the development of an, as yet unrealized, second-generation Corvette.
With prototype designs like the exceedingly expensive “Q-Corvette” and Bill Mitchell’s “XP-700” already envisioned, anticipation amongst General Motors executives, engineers, and designers was on the rise.

See Also 

C1 ’53 54 ’55 ’56 ’57 ’58 ’59 ’60 ’61 ’62
Gen C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7

See full 1959 Corvette Gallery

1959 Corvette Specifications

See the complete breakdown of technical specifications for the 1959 Corvette, including engine, suspension, brakes, body dimensions, and power.

Read more: 1959 Corvette Specifications.

1959 Corvette Performance

Performance Results Standard RPO 469 RPO 469C RPO 579 RPO 579
3-Speed Transmission
Performance weight (lbs.) 3204 3214 3214 3191 3191
Pounds/gross horsepower 13.93 13.12 11.90 12.78 11.00
Pounds/cu.in. piston displacement 11.33 11.36 11.36 11.24 11.24
 Gross horsepower/cu.in. displacement .813 .866 .954 .883 1.025
 Power displacement (cu.ft./mile) 228.7 228.7 228.7 228.7 228.7
Displacement factor (cu.ft./mile) 142.94 142.94 142.94 143.34 143.34
 0 – 60 mph (seconds) 9.2 7.6 –
 Top Speed (mph) 103.1 112
Powerglide Transmission
 Performance weight (lbs.) 3305 3314 3288
 Pounds/gross horsepower 14.37 13.53 13.15
 Pounds/cu.in. piston displacement 11.68 11.71 11.62
 Gross horsepower/cu.in. displacement .813 .866 .883
 Power displacement (cu.ft./mile) 219.5 219.5 219.5
 Displacement factor (cu.ft./mile) 132.83 132.47 133.52
 0 – 60 mph (seconds)
 Top Speed (mph)
4-Speed Transmission
Performance weight (lbs.) 3217 3227 3227 3204 3204
Pounds/gross horsepower 13.90 13.17 11.95 12.82 11.05
Pounds/cu.in. piston displacement 11.37 11.40 11.40 11.32 11.32
Gross horsepower/cu.in. displacement .813 .866 .954 .883 1.025
Power displacement (cu.ft./mile) 228.7 228.7 228.7 228.7 228.7
 Displacement factor (cu.ft./mile) 142.18 141.74 141.74 142.76 142.76
 0 – 60 mph (seconds) 6.9
Top Speed (mph) 113.6 118.7

(0 – 60 and top speed times courtesy of ML – Motor Life, September 1959, MT – Motortrend, April 1959, R&T – Road and Track, January 1959)

See complete 1959 Corvette specifications & performance.

1959 Corvette Vehicle Identification Numbers (VIN)

For all 1959 Corvettes, the location of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) is located on the driver-side doorpost. The VIN is also stamped on several locations on the Corvette frame.
Read more: 1959 Corvette VINs.

1958 Corvette Factory Options

867 Base Corvette Convertible 9,670 $3,875.00
101 Heater 8,909 $102.25
102 AM Radio, signal seeking 7,001 $149.80
107 Parking Brake Alarm 3,601 $5.40
108 Courtesy Lights 3,601 $6.50
109 Windshield Washers 7,929 $16.15
121 Radiator Fan Clutch 67 $21.55
261 Sunshades 3,722 $10.80
276 Wheels, 15 x 5.5 (5) 214  $0.00
290 Whitewall Tires, 6.70 x 15 8,173  $31.55
313 Powerglide Automatic Transmission 1,878 $199.10
419 Auxillary Hardtop 5,481 $236.75
426 Power Windows 587 $59.20
440 Two-Tone Paint Combination 2,931 $16.15
469 283ci, 245HP Engine (2×4 Carburetors) 1,417 $150.65
469C 283ci, 270HP Engine (2×4 Carburetors) 1,846 $182.95
473 Power Operated Folding Top 661 $139.90
579 283ci, 250HP Engine (Fuel Injection) 175 $484.20
579D 283ci, 290HP Engine (Fuel Injection) 745 $484.20
675 Positraction Rear Axle 4,170 $48.45
684 Heavy Duty Brakes and Suspension 142 $425.05
685 4-Speed Manual Transmission 4,175 $188.30
686 Metallic Brakes 333 $26.90
1408 Blackwall Tires, 6.70 x 15 Nylon
1625 24 Gallon Fuel Tank

Read more: 1959 Corvette pricing and factory options.

1959 Corvette Dealers Sales Brochure

You can download the 1959 Corvette Dealers Sales Brochure for a quick look at the features of the car.

Read more: 1959 Corvette Sales Brochure

See Also 

C1 ’53 54 ’55 ’56 ’57 ’58 ’59 ’60 ’61 ’62
Gen C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7